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armenian genocide article

Armenian Genocide of An Overview By JOHN KIFNER. Skip to next paragraph. On the eve of World War I, there were two million Armenians in the declining Ottoman Empire. By , there were fewer than , The others — some million — were killed in what historians consider a genocide. French-Armenian director Robert Guédiguian takes on the Armenian genocide and the campaign of vengeance against Turkey in a film that goes in unexpected directions Published: 21 May Armenian Genocide, campaign of deportation and mass killing conducted against the Armenian subjects of the Ottoman Empire by the Young Turk government during World War I. Armenians charge that the campaign was a deliberate attempt to destroy the Armenian people and, thus, an act of genocide.


Armenian genocide | World | The Guardian


The Armenian genocide was the ruthless slaughter of millions of Armenians by the Turks of the Ottoman Empire. Induring World War I, leaders of the Turkish government set in motion a plan to expel and massacre Armenians.

By the early s, when the massacres and deportations armenian genocide article ended, betweenand 1. Today, most historians call this event a genocide: a premeditated and systematic campaign to exterminate an entire people. However, the Turkish government still does not acknowledge the enormity or scope of these events. The Armenian people have made their home in the Caucasus region of Eurasia for some 3, years, armenian genocide article.

For some of that time, the kingdom of Armenia was an independent entity: At the beginning of the 4th century A. But for the most part, armenian genocide article of the region shifted from one empire to another. During the 15th century, Armenia was absorbed into the mighty Ottoman Empire.

The Ottoman rulers, like most of their subjects, were Muslim. Christians had to pay higher taxes than Muslims, for example, and they had very few political and legal rights. In spite of these armenian genocide article, the Armenian community thrived under Ottoman rule. They tended to be better educated and wealthier than their Turkish neighbors, who in turn grew to resent their success. This resentment was compounded by suspicions that the Christian Armenians would be more loyal to Christian governments that of the Russians, for example, who shared an unstable border with Turkey than they were to the Ottoman caliphate.

These suspicions grew more acute as the Ottoman Empire crumbled. In response to large scale protests by Armenians, Turkish military officials, soldiers and ordinary men sacked Armenian villages and cities and massacred their citizens.

Hundreds of thousands of Armenians were murdered, armenian genocide article. Ina new government came to power in Turkey. According to this way of thinking, non-Turks — and especially Christian non-Turks — were a grave threat to the new state.

At the same time, Ottoman religious armenian genocide article declared a holy war against all Christians except their allies.

Military leaders began to argue that the Armenians were traitors: If they thought they could win independence if the Allies were victorious, this argument went, the Armenians would be eager to fight for the enemy. As the war intensified, Armenians organized volunteer battalions to help the Russian army fight against the Turks in the Caucasus region. On April 24,the Armenian genocide began, armenian genocide article. That day, the Turkish government arrested and executed several hundred Armenian intellectuals.

After that, ordinary Armenians were turned out of their homes and sent on death marches through the Mesopotamian desert without food or water. Frequently, the marchers were stripped naked and forced to walk under the scorching sun until they dropped dead. People who stopped to rest were shot, armenian genocide article.

These killing squads were often made up of murderers and other ex-convicts. They drowned people in rivers, threw them off cliffs, crucified them and burned them alive.

In short order, the Turkish countryside was littered with Armenian corpses. Muslim families moved into the homes of deported Armenians and seized their property.

Though reports vary, most sources agree that there were about 2 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire at the time of the massacre. Inwhen the genocide was over, there were justArmenians remaining in the Ottoman Empire. After the Ottomans surrendered inthe leaders of the Young Turks fled to Germany, which promised not to prosecute them for the genocide. However, a group of Armenian nationalists devised a plan, known as Operation Nemesis, to track down armenian genocide article assassinate the leaders of the genocide.

Ever since then, the Turkish government has denied that a genocide took place. The Armenians were armenian genocide article enemy force, they argue, and their slaughter was a necessary war measure. Today, Turkey is an important ally of the United States and other Western nations, and so their governments have likewise been reluctant to armenian genocide article the long-ago killings.

In Marcha U. Congressional panel at last voted to recognize the genocide. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Genocide is a term used to describe violence against members of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group with the intent to destroy the entire group. The word came into general usage only after World War II, when the full extent of the atrocities committed by the Nazi In Aprilthe government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia.

Over the next several years, Bosnian Serb forces, with the backing of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army, perpetrated atrocious crimes against Bosniak Bosnian During the Rwandan genocide ofmembers of the Hutu ethnic majority in the east-central African nation of Rwanda murdered as many aspeople, mostly of the Tutsi minority. Started by Hutu nationalists in the armenian genocide article of Kigali, the genocide spread throughout the The campaign began with a failed naval attack by British and Gold from the American River!

In Marchduring World War IBritish and French forces launched an ill-fated naval attack on Turkish forces in the Dardanelles in northwestern Turkey, hoping to take control of the strategically vital strait separating Europe from Asia. The failure of the Europe by Almost exactly a century before, armenian genocide article, a meeting of the European states at the Congress of Vienna had established an international order and balance of power that lasted for almost a century. Byarmenian genocide article, however, a multitude of forces were threatening to tear it apart.

Negotiated among the Allied powers with little participation by Germany, armenian genocide article, its 15 parts and articles reassigned German boundaries armenian genocide article assigned liability for reparations. After strict This Day In History. Young Turks Inarmenian genocide article, a new government came to power in Turkey. World War I Begins. Life in a Trench. Battle armenian genocide article Gallipoli. Tech Developments of World War I. World War I Alliances.

Genocide Genocide is a term used to describe violence against members of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group with the intent to destroy the entire group. Bosnian Genocide In Aprilthe government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia.

Rwandan Genocide During the Rwandan genocide ofmembers of the Hutu ethnic majority in the east-central African nation of Rwanda murdered as many aspeople, mostly of the Tutsi minority. Dardanelles Campaign In Marchduring World War IBritish and French forces launched an ill-fated naval attack on Turkish forces in the Dardanelles in northwestern Turkey, hoping to take control of the strategically vital strait separating Europe from Asia.

Outbreak of World War I Europe by Almost exactly a century before, a meeting of the European states at the Congress of Vienna had established an international order and balance of power that lasted for almost a century.

 

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armenian genocide article

 

Armenian Genocide of An Overview By JOHN KIFNER. Skip to next paragraph. On the eve of World War I, there were two million Armenians in the declining Ottoman Empire. By , there were fewer than , The others — some million — were killed in what historians consider a genocide. Armenian Genocide is within the scope of WikiProject Armenia, an attempt to improve and better organize information in articles related or pertaining to Armenia and Armenians. If you would like to contribute or collaborate, you could edit the article attached to this page or visit the project page for further information. Article The Armenian Genocide (): In Depth. Related Links. Special Focus—The Armenian Genocide; Memorandum of January 16, , meeting between Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry Morgenthau Jr. Glossary Terms. Critical Thinking Questions. Investigate how the rest of the world learned about the Armenian genocide.